photo Voldemars Matvejs

Born on October 13, 1877 in Riga, died on may 16, 1914 in St. Petersburg. Painter and art theoretician, protagonist of modern trends in Latvian art. A significant figure in the context of the Russian avant-garde of the early 20th century. Matvejs studied at V. Blums' Art School in Riga (1895- 1902), attended the private studio of I. Tsionglinsky and the Art Academy in St. Petersburg (1905-1914). He studied medieval art, Negro art (sculpture), and French modernism in Italy, Scandinavia, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. From 1910, he was an active member and ideologist of the Russian vanguard artists group "Soyuz molodezhi". Under the pen-name of Vladimir Markov, he published articles (in Russian) on issues concerning art of the primitive peoples and art theory: The Principles of Creation in Plastic Arts. The Texture (1914 ) and Negro Art (1919). Matvejs' heritage in painting is limited mainly to small-size, experimental color studies (influenced by Primitivism, Postimpressionism, Fauvism), most of which are kept in the Latvian State Museum of Fine Arts. He also produced fantastic compositions of symbolic nature.
References: Art and Architecture. Biographies, II. Riga, 1996, pp. 103-104; Latvian Fine Arts in 1860 - 1940. Riga, 1986; J. Silins. Latvian Art in 1800 - 1914, II. Stockholm, 1980; Unerwartete Begegnung: lettische Avantgarde: 1910 - 1935. Köln,1990; Gramata, 1990, No. 5, pp. 5. - 30. lpp.

image A Study. 1911. Oil on canvas. 13,5 x 20 cm

image Reapers. 1910. Oil on canvas. 26,5 x 38 cm

image Seven Princesses. ca 1910. Oil on canvas. 66 x 71 cm

image Visby. ca 1909. Oil on canvas. 45 x 59,8 cm

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