photo Gustavs Klucis

Born on January 4, 1895 in Valmiera district (Latvia), repressed and killed in 1938 in Russia. Poster and project designer, pioneer of Soviet propaganda photomontage.
Studies at the Riga City Art School (1913-1915) and the School of the Imperial Society for the Fostering of Art in Petrograd (1915-1917). During World War I he was called up in active service. Involvement in the February and October, 1917 Revolutions. As of 1918, he lived in Moscow. Participation in the activities of the Latvian riflemen's art studio based in the Kremlin. Further studies at I. Mashkov's and V. Meshkov's art studios, the State Free Art Workshops, 1918-1921, under K. Malevich. Professor at the Institute for Artistic Culture, 1921-1924. Lecturer at the Free Art Workshops and the Institute of Printing Arts. One of the founders of the October artists' group (1928), active member of the Prometheus Latvian Society for Education and Culture. An outstanding representative of Russian Constructivism. A painter early in his artistic career, in 1918 he turned to photomontage and posters, employed photomontage as an original technique for book illustration and layout design, and engaged in press graphic. He designed projects for propaganda objects, including Soviet pavilions at the World Exhibitions in Berlin (1929) and Paris (1924, 1937).

References: Art and Architecture. Biographies, II. Riga, 1996; Lapidusa Gustavs Klucis // Latvian Fine Arts. Riga, 1977; L. Oginskaja L. Gustav Klucis. Moscow, 1981; Gustav Klucis: Retrospektive. Kassel, 1991. 


image
The 1st Decade. We Learn, We Build, We Win. 1927. Gouache, Indian ink
on paper. 30 x 34 cm
image
A costume sketch for V.Mayakovsky’s play "Lenin". Gouache, Indian ink on paper. 34 x 25 cm

image
Radioator. A sketch for a rostrum N.7. 1922. Gouache, Indian ink on paper. 27 x 17 cm
image
Foundation. 1924.
Watercolor, gouache, Indian ink, photo on cardboard. 36 x 25 cm

image
Construction. 1921. Graphite, gouache, Indian ink, sealing-wax on paper. 49 x 62 cm
image
Construction. 1921. Gouache, graphite on paper. 52 x 43 cm

image
R.S.I. Sports Contest in Moscow. 1928. Photo, collage on paper.
image
R.S.I. Sports Contest in Moscow. 1928. Gouache, photo, collage on paper.

image
R.S.I. Sports Contest in Moscow. 1928. Gouache, photo, collage on cardboard.
image
Poster for the R.S.I. Sports Contest in Moscow. 1928. Collage on paper.
61 x 70 cm

Home | Virtual Art Gallery