photo Jekabs Kazaks

Born on February 18, 1895 and died on November 30, 1920 in Riga. Painter. First acquaintance with art in the class of Julijs Madernieks at A. Kenins Technical School; studies at the Riga City Art School (1913 - 1915), Penza Art School during World War I (1915 - 1917). Early in the career, he was influenced by Impressionism and later became significantly impressed by the West European old masters and modern French painters, especially Andre Derain. Among Kazaks' major works are those reflecting the everyday life of refugees. He also painted portraits and a series of self-portraits. Kazaks adopted elements of early Latvian Modernism of the first decade of the 20th century and transformed them into an entirely personal style, which is characterized by expressiveness, simplicity, synthesis and even distortion of forms. He applied a conditional color pattern in oil and water color, and employed various graphic techniques (Indian ink, drawing, linocut, woodcut). Participation in the formation of Expressionists' Group (1919) and then the Riga Artists' Group (its theoretician and first chairman). Above 40 of his oil paintings, as well as about 250 water colors and drawings are kept at the Latvian State Museum of Fine Arts.
References: Art and Architecture. Biographies, II. Riga, 1996, pp. 15-16; D. Lamberga. Jekabs Kazaks. Riga,1995 (MME; Latvian Fine Arts in 1860 - 1940. Riga, 1986; J. Silins. Latvian Art in 1915 - 1940, I. Stockholm, 1988; E. Klavins. Latvian Portrait Painting in 1850 - 1916. Riga, 1996; Unerwartete Begegnung: lettische Avantgarde: 1910 - 1935. Köln,1990.

image Self-portrait in Black. 1916. Oil on canvas. 71 x 66 cm

image At the Table. 1917. Oil on canvas. 106 x 106 cm

image Circus. 1918. Oil on canvas. 106 x 107 cm

image Self-portrait with a Red Tie. 1918. Oil,canvas.80 x 58 cm

image Portrait of Julijs Sprogis.1920.Oil,canvas.61 x 52 cm

image On the Beach. 1920. Oil on canvas. 110 x 100 cm

image Refugees. ca 1917. Oil on canvas. 71 x 69 cm

image Refugees. 1917. Oil on canvas. 210 x 107 cm

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